Sugar beet yield per unit area of land is dependent upon a variety of factors. It is determined by:
- Soil quality
- Climatic conditions
- Supply of nutrients and water
- Genetic potential that a breeder has the power to influence
An optimum beet stand of approx. 90,000 plants per hectare permits a harvest of 400 to 1000 decitonnes (dt) (100 kg) topped* beets per hectare depending upon location.
* When processing beets to sugar only the root of the beet plant can be used. Hence the beets are ‘topped’ during harvesting.